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Historical Places in Istanbul

We can see very much historical places in Istanbul. If you visit Istanbul you can visit this places. I will give some information about historical places in Istanbul.

The Blue Mosque ( Sultanahmet Mosque ) – Istanbul

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Not only beloved by the people of Istanbul, this mosque is also the delight of all Muslims and tourists alike. The Sultanahmet is the city’s largest mosque and claims six minarets. The distinctive color of its tiles gives it its second name, the Blue Mosque. The blue and white of its more than 20,000 original Iznik (Nicean) tiles, the gold embossed calligraphy of passages from Quran, and the deep red of the carpets are all in perfect harmony. The almost 260 windows (almost all of them of colored glass) light up huge (51x53m) interior and also provide a mystic hue to the surroundings.

Suleymaniye Mosque – Istanbul

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It was during the time of Sultan Suleyman the Magnificent that the power of the Ottoman Empire was felt around the world and this reign is rightfully known as the seminal period of the empire. The empire’s chief architect, Sinan, built monuments that reflected tihs might. Sinan built the Suleymaniye between the years of 1550-1557 and mosque is today known as his “masterpiece.” No other building in the city lends as much beauty to its surroundings as this work of art. The architectural frame of this building is fully exposed and the four weight bearing elements – like those in the Hagia Sophia-are not concealed from view.

Ortakoy Mosque – Istanbul

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The mosque along the shores of the Bosphorus in Ortakoy was built in the 19th century by Sultan Abdulmecit. Its location, its stance and its elegance all combine to make this one of the pretties mosques of the late period.

Hagia Irini Church – Istanbul

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Hagia Irini Church is located in the first courtyard of the Topkapi Palace complex. Built in the 4th century, it ranks as the city’s oldest extant church. Restored to its present state in 740, it was used in the Ottoman period as an armory and arsenal. Restored again in the 20th century, it is today used for exhbits and other cultural events.

Hagia Sophia – Istanbul

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Perched on top of a hill in the center of the city of the old city of Byzantium, the Hagia Sophia looks magnificent from the sea below. Shortly after the collapse of the original church on the site in 532, Byzantine Emperor Justine ordered the building of a new cathedral. For the next one thousand years this new cathedral, the Hagia Sophia, represented the most powerful and respected church in all of Christianity and became the very symbol of the merging of Rome’s unique conceptualization of empire with that of the Christian conceptualization of God. The interior of the church is richly imbued with marble wall plaques and mosaic adornments but what especially awes the visitor upon entering is the vast expanse of undivided space provided by its huge central dome and side domes. Many have called the Hagia Sophiathe 8th wonder of the world.”

Ibrahim Pasha Palace – Istanbul

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The museum is located in the restored Ibrahim Pasha Palace that sits opposite the Hippodrome Square. The palace has an absolutely huge salon and ranks as the largest and most magnificent palace built by any of the grand viziers. The museum has a wonderful collection of Seljuk and Ottoman carpets, along with very valuable miniatures, calligraphy, ceramic artifacts, rahle (low reading desk), and an example of an Ottoman style seating group.

Tiled Kiosk – Istanbul

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Commissioned by Sultan Mehmet II (the conqueror) this kiosk ranks as the oldest structure in the Topkapi Palace complex. The walls of the kiosk are absolutely spell-binding as they have been covered with six-sided colorful tiles with gold embellishments. Besides the personal belongings of the sultans, this kiosk also exhibits extraordinarily beautiful and priceless tiles and ceramic pieces.

Archeological Museum – Istanbul

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Located in very close proximity to the Topkapi Palace and the Hagia Sophia, Istanbul’s Archaeological Museum has a marvelous collection that includes the sarcophagus ofAlexander the Great. Actually Alexander was never buried in this tomb, but it received its name from the figures carved into its sides. These reliefs are done with incredible realism and depict Alexander’s battles, and the hunt of a lion and a panther. Dating from 310 BC this wonderful artifact has reached us today in an untouched form. We can even still make out many of the colors on its carvings. The museum also contains other sarcophagi and columns dating from the Greek, Roman and Byzantine periods, along with countless busts of Roman emperors, among them Augustus, Tiberius, Hadrian,Marcus Aurelius, and those of Diocletius, Arcadias and Alexander the Great.

Sunken Palace Cistern – Istanbul

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Diagonally opposite the Hagia Sophia is the Sunken Palace Cistern, the cistern built in the 6th century. The cistern has twelve, 28 column rows, making this place a veritable forest of columns with Corinthian or early Byzantine style column heads, and giving it its name, the sunken “palace.” One of the seventy known cisterns in the city, this cistern, which is open to visitors, ranks as largest and only cistern thus far to have undergone careful restoration. Excavation work revealed two beautiful Medusa heads serving as bases for the columns.

 

 

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